In this post, I shall discuss about the important factors pertaining to sadqa, in the light of the Holy Quran and the hadith.
Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said, ‘The believer’s shade on the Day of Resurrection will be his charity." – (Al Tirmidhi, Hadith 604)
This hadith brings out the importance of sharing one’s wealth with the downtrodden. As the saying goes, we reap what we sow. Therefore, if we are considerate enough to invest in an animal sacrifice, for the destitute, then we will be able to reap rich dividends in the life, Hereafter. The charity done by us in our worldly life will protect us from the Wrath of Allah (swt) and His punishment on the Doomsday.
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran: “And spend out of what We have given you before death comes to one of you so that he should say, ‘My Lord! Why did you not respite me to a near term so that should have given alms and been of the doers of good deeds?” (TMQ -63:10)
The gist of this Quranic verse is that there should not be any delay on our part in giving charity or in offering an animal to feed the poor. After all, our life in this world is quite uncertain and unpredictable. None of us knows when we may have to bid farewell to this world, forever. Hence, it is essential to make the most of the time that we have on hand in this world and spend in the Way of Allah (swt). “A man giving in alms one piece of silver in his lifetime is better for him than giving one hundred when he is about to die”-hadith. Waiting for something untoward to happen in life and then rushing to offer sadqa under compulsion does not make much sense. One can offer an animal sacrifice even during good health and in good times. The value of a sadqa, which is made with a pure intention of pleasing Allah (swt), will be much more in His Eyes than the one which is made in the midst of a disaster or when one finds that death is approaching. So we ought to sacrifice an animal for the poor in a timely way so that it does not get too late.
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran, “Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to immorality while Allah promises you forgiveness from Him and Bounty. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing’. (TMQ-2:268)
We may often notice that whenever we contemplate to offer sadqa, the fear of becoming poor looms large in our minds. This fear of becoming poor is instilled in our minds by our biggest enemy, i.e. Satan. Satan tries to dissuade us from offering sadqa by scaring us of becoming poor. Sadqa helps to bring about a balance in the society. If all the rich people offer sadqa of a goat or a cow then starvation will be wiped out. The charity offered by the affluent people can produce far reaching effects in the society. It will reduce the friction between the upper and the lower class. This will create peace and harmony in the society and also help to reduce the crime rate. Satan would never like such brotherhood, compassion and peace to prevail amongst the people. Therefore he tries his level best to deter us from offering sadqa. It is our foremost duty to understand the cunning tactics of Satan and to thwart his plans by offering a cow or a goat to feed the poor and to appease Allah (swt).